Ansei Uchima was born in Stockton, California. At the age of nineteen he traveled to Japan to study architecture and was stranded there by World War II. He studied painting in the early 1950s, and in 1954 he began to study historical Japanese prints. In 1957 he began to make his own prints, working in the tradition of the sosaku-hanga movement, begun in Japan in 1918. In 1960 Uchima moved to New York City. In 1962 he began teaching at Sarah Lawrence College. He taught there until 1982, and was named a Professor Emeritus in 1985. Uchima was married to the artist Toshiko Uchima. The artists Isamu Noguchi and Shiko Munakata were among their friends.
In 2016, the exhibition UCHIMA ANSEI: Non-Objective Abstraction in Modern Japanese Prints was shown at the Honolulu Museum of Art. An extensive exhibition of the work of Ansei Uchima was featured in Artist with Okinawan Roots, Symphony of Colors and Wind; The World of ANSEI UCHIMA, Okinawa Prefectural Museum & Art Museum, Naha City, Okinawa, Japan, in 2014.
Honolulu Moon was made shortly before Uchima arrived in New York. It is 11 1/4 x 7 1/2 inches and is signed, titled, dated, and annotated 'Artist's Proof,' in pencil.